Status: Not Listed
Black-tailed prairie dogs are small rodents with a height of about 16 inches. Their bodies are mostly tan, except for their lighter-colored belly. The easiest way to tell the black-tailed prairie dog from other prairie dogs is to look for its namesake black-tipped tail.
Prairie dogs live in grasslands throughout the Great Plains. Their population health impacts numerous other species, so they are one of the keystone species of the West. Prairie dogs are very social and live in large colonies in underground burrows. Not only do prairie dogs live together, but they also share the responsibilities to look out for predators. While other prairie dogs are foraging for plants, a few prairie dogs will become look outs and watch for hawks, coyotes, or badgers.
Prairie dogs eat a variety of seeds, stems, roots, grasses, weeds, and the leaves of flowering plants. They also eat insects. Most of the water that a prairie dog needs to survive comes from the plants that it eats.
Prairie dogs are very social creatures that reside in complex burrows belowground. These tunnels house many colonies or towns of prairie dogs. A family group is called a coterie. This is a polygynous mating system and is made up of one male and multiple females.
Prairie dogs are very vocal creatures with a highly sophisticated vocal language. Not only do they make high pitched yips and barks to warn about the presence of predators, but they have different warning calls for different predator types as well!
Female prairie dogs go through the estrus cycle once a year each winter for only an hour. Their litters usually have three to eight pups.
Prairie dogs were killed in large numbers throughout the western United States because the prairie dog colonies disrupted farms and competed with grazing cattle. As the number of prairie dogs dramatically declined, it caused a ripple effect that impacted the success of other Great Plains species. Black-footed ferrets are now one of the most endangered mammals in North America because their chief food, the black-tailed prairie dog, has been reduced in numbers.
Prairie dogs like to communicate with each other. They bark, yip, and whistle to signal the presence of predators and other dangers.
Give a gift that makes a difference for wildlife!Adopt Today
Give today to support our work protecting polar bears, bison, and many more at-risk species.Donate
Give the gift that arrives year-round: ANY subscription to Ranger Rick for 60% off + 2 FREE bonus gifts with each order!Order Now
Place your order today for the themed box that delivers everything you need to create family memories while discovering nature and wildlife.Learn More
More than one-third of U.S. fish and wildlife species are at risk of extinction in the coming decades. We're on the ground in seven regions across the country, collaborating with 52 state and territory affiliates to reverse the crisis and ensure wildlife thrive.