Farmers can help mitigate climate change with improved management techniques that promote carbon storage in their soils and reduce their contributions to carbon pollution from chemicals and manure lagoons. Adding carbon to our nation's soils can also help us adapt to climate change, as well as benefit our wildlife, water supplies, and rural economies. Farms with healthy soils are more profitable, more sustainable, and have higher yields in floods and droughts—the kind of weather we can expect more of as our climate changes.
The National Wildlife Federation works with stakeholders to identify barriers to adoption of climate-friendly farming practices and implement solutions at multiple levels. Our current focus for promoting climate-friendly farming includes cover crops, carbon markets, and protecting permanent grasslands.
In the 2011 report, Future Friendly Farming, the National Wildlife Federation offers techniques that farmers and ranchers can use to increase profits, reduce carbon pollution, and protect soil, water, and wildlife habitat. The National Wildlife Federation works with stakeholders to identify barriers to adoption of climate-friendly farming practices and implement solutions at multiple levels. Our current focus for promoting climate-friendly farming includes cover crops, carbon markets, and protecting permanent grasslands.
Permanent grasslands (native grassland that has not been cultivated or disturbed by the plow) are some of the most carbon-rich ecosystems in the world, with grass roots extending up to ten feet below ground. Aboveground, perennial grasses provide habitat and food for declining wildlife species.
Unfortunately North American grasslands are the most threatened ecosystems in the world—even more than the South American rain forest. High crop prices, the rising cost of land, and many other factors have contributed to the grasslands decline. Once grassland has been plowed or converted, it releases stores of carbon from the soil into the atmosphere.
The National Wildlife Federation supports policies to avoid conversion of grasslands and other carbon-rich ecosystems like wetlands into agricultural production. Learn about our work to protect grasslands in the 2014 Farm Bill.
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More than one-third of U.S. fish and wildlife species are at risk of extinction in the coming decades. We're on the ground in seven regions across the country, collaborating with 53 state and territory affiliates to reverse the crisis and ensure wildlife thrive.