Description: The brook trout is a beautifully colored fish with yellow spots over its darker olive green back. The spots located along the back of the trout are stretched longer and are almost worm-like. The brook trout differs from other trout species because they typically have dark spots on a light back.
Size: Around 9-10 inches in length.
Diet: These fish are extremely opportunistic and eat a variety of insects often preferring adult and nymph forms of aquatic insects. They will also eat beetles, ants and small fish where available.
Typical Lifespan: 2-3 years
Habitat: Most often found in the cleanest, cool mountain streams.
Range: Found throughout Canada and the northeastern part of the United States. Their range extends as far south as North Carolina in the Appalachian Mountains and as west as Minnesota.
Conservation Status: Non-native fish that have been stocked in ponds and streams for fishermen are often more aggressive than brook trout and create quite a risk for this species.
Additional Resources: Pocketguide to Eastern Streams, by T. Travis and Shanda Brown
Purging Trout to Save Frogs
A controversial fish-removal effort pits some anglers against conservationists
Return of a Native
Displaced over much of its range by hatchery-bred fish, the brook trout is now coming back to some eastern waterways